BMW owns and has no plans to give it up to Google – National


TORONTO – It seems Google should have done some more Googling when it came to picking a name for their new holding company, Alphabet Inc.

On Monday, Google announced a radically different operating structure under the new name that would separate its well-known web companies — like its search engine, YouTube, and Chrome — from its research and investment divisions.

READ MORE: Google to be part of new holding company called ‘Alphabet’

But turns out, BMW operates a fleet service by the name of Alphabet. The auto maker also owns the domain Alphabet杭州夜网 and reportedly has no plans of giving it up to Google.

Alphabet chose as the URL for its domain – a choice that proved very popular with the tech crown online.

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According to Business Insider, BMW is already looking into whether there are any trademark implications with Google’s new identity; however, a company spokesperson noted there are currently no plans to take legal action against the tech giant.

But BMW isn’t the only business that might take issue with the tech giant’s new name.

Both Bloomberg and The New York Times pointed out that many of small and midsize companies use the name Alphabet. There is even an Ohio-based company that uses the name Alphabet Inc.

Alphabet doesn’t even have control of the @alphabet 桑拿会所 account – the account belongs to Cleveland, Ohio, resident Chris Andrikanich.

Andrikanich’s account was inundated with tweets following Monday’s announcement. His follow up tweet which read, “Well, that was an interesting way to end a Monday…,” garnered over 7,000 retweets.

The 桑拿会所 user has since changed his bio to read, “I’m not affiliated w/ Google/Alphabet Inc.”

Redevelopment moving forward at Edmonton’s former City Centre Airport – Edmonton


WATCH ABOVE: The first phase of the Blatchford redevelopment project has begun. Mayor Don Iveson was on hand for Wednesday’s ground breaking.

EDMONTON – Ground has been broken on the first phase of the Blatchford redevelopment project. Work has begun on underground utilities at the site.

The project will turn the site of the former City Centre Airport into one of the world’s largest sustainable communities, eventually becoming home to 30,000 people.

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  • Blatchford development recycling old airport hangars, runways

  • City of Edmonton offers opportunity for public to weigh in on Blatchford redevelopment

  • Details on Blatchford Lands Development spark concerns

“We do think we have something unique here, something in between urban and lower density residential communities that I think is going to be very, very family friendly and people are going to want to be close to the amenities,” said Mayor Don Iveson.

The Blatchford community will include gardens, energy-efficient buildings and custom-designed streets for walking and cycling.

Iveson is confident the development will be a success despite some economic uncertainty.

“It’s important to realize that this is a 30-year project, and there’s a lot of developers who are moving ahead in servicing right now so that they’re ready for when oil comes back and demand comes back up,” said Iveson.

“So housing starts may be down but that doesn’t mean that private developers aren’t investing as well.”

The project has been moving forward better than expected so far. Demolition and environmental re-mediation were completed at $290,000, which was well below the anticipated $1-million cost.

Alberta: Liberals have opportunities in Calgary, NDP in Edmonton


For many years, deep-blue Alberta wasn’t really on the radar during federal elections. The Conservatives (and before them, the federal PCs) didn’t have to work all that hard to lock down nearly every seat in the province, and the other parties took resources elsewhere.

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But times have changed, as a startling NDP majority victory earlier this year indicates. In the aftermath, Conservatives have found themselves playing defence in parts of Calgary, once a stronghold, the NDP’s thin organization has been stretched to its limits, and the Liberals are smelling opportunity.

“The NDP is going to make gains in Edmonton, and the Liberals are going to make gains in Calgary,” predicts Mount Royal University political scientist Duane Bratt.

“I think the rest of Alberta will go blue.”

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While the NDP did well in Calgary provincially, Bratt says, they will find it hard to match that in a federal election:

“One of the reasons the Liberals did so poorly in the provincial election is that some of its MLAs dropped out to run federally, and they’re taking that base of support with them – think Darshan Kang in Calgary Skyview and Kent Hehr in Calgary Centre. The absence of those guys running provincially – they probably would have won their seats provincially for the Liberals. The fact that they didn’t (run) swung it to the NDP.”

Use the dropdown menu to switch between the 2011 federal election, the 2015 provincial election, and an alternate-reality map of the 2015 provincial election that combines Wildrose and the PCs. Click on a riding to see its name.

Click here to view map »

Calgary Confederation is also competitive for the Liberals, Bratt says.


Edmonton, where the federal NDP already has a foothold in Edmonton-Strathcona, is much more fertile ground for the party. Even in a simulation of Alberta’s provincial election in which Wildrose and PC votes are combined, all nine Edmonton ridings light up bright orange.

WATCH: Provincial Affairs reporter Tom Vernon takes a look at the six new ridings in Alberta for the federal election and what shifting boundaries could mean for voters and candidates.

“The NDP has always had its roots in the city of Edmonton. It’s been tied into the labour movement, both trade unions and public sector unions. Edmonton is much more of a union town.

“We joke in Calgary that it’s made up out of public sector workers and refinery workers. Whereas the white-collar jobs, the engineers, the businessmen, the head offices, are all in Calgary. The people that built the rigs, that commute to the oil patch, and the people that work for the Alberta government tend to be in Edmonton. So Edmonton’s been a much more progressive, Liberal/NDP city for decades.”

Click here to view map »

“The other to watch is Edmonton Centre. (Chrétien-era Liberal cabinet minister) Anne McLellan won it very narrowly – she was in a dogfight every time. That Liberal support is gone – it’s all NDP. They’ve recruited a star candidate named Gil McGowan, who’s a former president of the Alberta Federation of Labour.”

A riding prediction map produced by Wilfrid Laurier University political scientist Barry Kay shows Edmonton Strathcona, Edmonton Centre and Edmonton Griesbach as solidly NDP, and Edmonton Mill Woods, Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan and Edmonton Manning as too-close-to-call blue/orange races.

St. Albert-Edmonton, where ex-Tory independent MP Brent Rathgeber will run against Conservative Michael Cooper, creates an unusual opening for the NDP.

In a one-off way, St. Albert-Edmonton may have a version of the divided-right dynamic that marked the provincial election. (In a united-right simulation of the provincial election, nearly all polls in St. Albert-Edmonton stay orange.)

“Can an independent win? Usually they don’t, but the situation in which they do, it’s when you have an independent who’s already an MP, and an independent who left on a point of principle, as opposed to being thrown out of his party or losing a nomination battle,” Bratt reflects.

“Rathgeber walked away because he felt that the Conservative party wasn’t conservative, and that it was anti-democratic. We’ll see how that plays out.”

Kay’s map shows Lethbridge as leaning NDP. Bratt predicts it will stay Conservative, despite a strong NDP performance there provincially.

“In Lethbridge, they had a local candidate who had been campaigning for multiple years, who was well tied into the community. There are some vulnerabilities in Lethbridge (for the Conservatives), but in the end I think they will go through.”

Conservative Jim Hillyer won in 2011 despite a reclusive campaign in which he avoided all-candidate forums and refused to speak to the media.

“A potted plant won for the Conservatives,” Bratt says.


Click here to view map »

Despite (and in some ways because of) the NDP’s sweeping provincial win, the party’s resources remain very thin in Alberta, Bratt says.

“The NDP does not have a strong organization here.”

“Even the people who won provincially – they were winning nomination battles with under two dozen people. They had paper candidates who didn’t have signs out, who didn’t campaign, who got elected.”

“The situation may be different in Edmonton, because they have more resources. But the reason they had to bring in so much of the Premier’s staff, and communications people, and chiefs of staff for ministers, was because they didn’t have the people in the province.”

Boil water advisory issued for North Battleford, Sask.

NORTH BATTLEFORD, Sask. – A boil water advisory has been issued for North Battleford, Sask. A city-wide precautionary drinking water advisory (PDWA) was issued following an operations failure at the water treatment plant.

According to officials, partially treated water bypassed one of the treatment processes and flowed into the treated water reservoir of the surface water plant.

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The water quality alarm at the water surface plant sounded six minutes later and the plant was shut down. They say the incident, which happened Tuesday, occurred due to an operational error.

In a release, officials say an evaluation of the situation indicate “that in all likelihood the partially treated water remained within the water treatment plant.”

Crews are flushing the water main closest to the surface water treatment plant “as an additional precaution to reduce the risk in the event water had somehow escaped the plant before shutdown.”

Officials say water should be boiled for at least one minute at a rolling boil before consumption or for other purposes including brushing teeth, washing fruits and vegetables or making ice cubes.

They also say no one should drink from public fountains supplied with water from the public water supply.

Under most circumstances, water does not need to be boiled for other household purposes. Adults, teens and older children can still shower or bathe using tap water, but should avoid swallowing the water. Younger children and infants should be sponge-bathed.

The PDWA will remain in place until further notice.

READ MORE: North Battleford fined for waterworks violations

The last time there was a city-wide boil water order in North Battleford was in 2001 when Cryptosporidium parvum was detected in the system.

Between six- and seven-thousand people became ill after consuming water but no fatalities were reported.

Seven portables destroyed in south Edmonton school fire – Edmonton

WATCH ABOVE: Parents, students and teachers stopped by École Frère Antoine Wednesday to check out the damage caused by a fire Tuesday afternoon. Fletcher Kent has the details. 

EDMONTON — Fire crews continue to investigate what caused a south Edmonton elementary school to catch fire Tuesday afternoon.

Fire crews were called to École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, around 4 p.m. Tuesday.

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While the cause is still not known, the fire broke out in the school’s portables. A spokesperson with Edmonton Catholic Schools said Wednesday morning school officials have not yet been able to get into the main school building to assess the damage, but several portables will have to be replaced.

“What we do know this morning is that we will have to replace seven of the modular classrooms,” said Lori Nagy.

“We found out that the roof that was being repaired on one of the portables is not the portable where the fire started, so that has been ruled out as a possible cause.”

Nagy said the education minister has already reached out to offer support and said he will expedite the delivery of seven modular classrooms.

Nagy said the school district is working on a plan, which may include using the gym or library as temporary classrooms. Sending students to another school is also a possibility, but Nagy said they won’t have a concrete plan in place until they can get inside the school to assess the damage.

Several parents and teacher stopped by the site to check out the damage Wednesday and said it’s about much more than just the physical structures.

“When I saw it this morning it was pretty heartbreaking,” said Nicole St. Jean, a teacher at the school.

“This is a French Immersion school and it’s extremely difficult to find appropriate resources for the students, so a lot of the teachers spend a lot of their own personal money and time creating resources by hand, on the computer, just so that it’ll fit into their classroom environment.”

Dally Songa said her daughter, who is going into Grade 3 in the fall, was crying when they walked past the school Wednesday morning.

“My daughter, she’s very excited to start Grade 3 but I don’t know what will happen. It’s so sad.”

Fellow parent Jennifer Kojder said it’s tough not knowing what will happen, but hopes the students will be able to stay together.

“We’re a very close-knit school community and I think as parents and teachers we’ll all work together to do whatever we can to keep the kids together… Wherever it may be.”

Nagy said school officials should be able to go inside late Thursday or early Friday. Each portable that was lost was worth about $500,000. The portables were used for Grade 1 and 2 classes.

Updates on the school will be posted to Frère Antoine’s website. Nagy said they hope to have a plan in place by early next week.

A local group has started collecting items for the teachers. You can visit the group on Facebook.

WATCH: Edmonton Catholic Schools comments on fire at École Frère Antoine

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Global News

A fire at École Frère Antoine, located in the area of 28 Avenue and Mill Woods Road, Tuesday, August 11, 2015.

Cliff Harris, Global News

Damage at École Frère Antoine Wednesday August 12, 2015 one day after a fire.

Craig Ryan, Global News

Damage at École Frère Antoine Wednesday August 12, 2015 one day after a fire.

Craig Ryan, Global News

Damage at École Frère Antoine Wednesday August 12, 2015 one day after a fire.

Craig Ryan, Global News

Damage at École Frère Antoine Wednesday August 12, 2015 one day after a fire.

Craig Ryan, Global News

 *Editor’s Note: This story was originally published on Tuesday, August 11, 2015. It was updated at 11:40 a.m. Wednesday.

Dog in distress? Nope. It’s just living in a parked van – Edmonton

EDMONTON — City officials say they can do nothing about a dog that has been living in a van in Edmonton for weeks because the animal is not in distress.

The city, police service, fire department and humane society have been flooded with calls about the golden retriever in a Ford Windstar van regularly parked behind a car wash on Jasper Avenue and 116th Street.

The Edmonton Humane Society said it discourages pet owners from leaving dogs in vehicles, but unless its officers see a dog in immediate distress, there’s nothing they can do.

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  • Convicted animal abuser April Irving’s plea date put over to September

  • Beaten Pomeranian found with note: ‘We beat it 2 death lol’

  • Calls about animals left in hot cars on the rise

Mayor Don Iveson said “this is not a desirable situation” for the dog, and the city is working with the society, which is responsible for enforcement of the Animal Protection Act, to find a resolution.

“The Mayor’s Office has spoken with Animal Control department and they advise that the windows are open providing fresh air for the dog and that it is well and not in distress,” Iveson said in a Facebook post. “Thank you for your concerns and input.”

There are more than 5,000 signatures on a change杭州夜网 petition calling on the mayor and police to do more.

Deanna Kubbernus said she has known about the dog since July 24, and started the petition on Monday after repeated calls to officials yielded no change and the temperature began to rise to dangerous levels.

“This is not a witch hunt. What we’re trying to do is get this dog to safety and help this gentleman.

“We really need to review our bylaws. If a dog is contained 24/7 in the heat outside, the humane society can do something about that. However, when it’s in a vehicle, this is a grey area.”

She said an animal rescue group and a Good Samaritan with a dog-friendly apartment for rent have offered to help the dog’s owner.

Global Edmonton has tried on several occasions this week to find the van without success.

Liberals in Steveston-Richmond East resign after candidate controversy

WATCH: Allegations of tampering and preventing the Liberal nomination in Steveston-Richmond East came to a head tonight. Catherine Urquhart reports.

Eight federal Liberals in B.C., including the provincial membership chair, have resigned their positions after a candidate was abruptly barred from running for the party’s nomination in Steveston-Richmond East.

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“I put my application forward believing it is an open nomination. Believing it is fair and transparent and it is just. But our right was taken away,” said Wendy Yuan at a rally with supporters on Tuesday.

Yuan, who ran and lost for the Liberals in Vancouver Kingsway in the last two federal elections, had been campaigning for several month against former MP Joe Peschisolido to run for the Liberals in the new electoral district.

But a day before the nomination meeting, Yuan announced she had not been approved by the party’s green-light committee.

“Our faith and our trust has been ignored, and has been taken away,” she said.

In response, B.C. membership chair Mike Hillman resigned from his position, along with the entire executive of the party’s local riding association.

“People told me that the party let Joe’s supporters in the back door, so it only left 10 or 20 seats for the rest of the party members. In the lobby you saw a lot of people not happy. They came here expecting to be part of the nomination,” said Peter Xie, who resigned as riding president.

The Liberal Party would not comment on the specific reason Yuan had been banned, only saying the process was more rigorous than previous elections.

Harper pledges to track foreign property ownership

WATCH: Before he left Vancouver, Harper used the backdrop of Canada’s most expensive city to make some promises about real estate. He says he’ll raise the amount first time home buyers can withdraw from their RRSPs to $35,000 and he’ll look at how foreign buyers are influencing the market, and driving up prices. Robin Gill reports.

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    Foreign ownership controversy

    BIV: CMHC report on condo foreign ownership

  • Is a fresh condo boom coming in Toronto and Vancouver?

VANCOUVER — A re-elected Conservative government would spend half a million dollars next year to figure out just how many foreign investors have eaten up condos and homes across Canada, many of them sitting empty year-round.

The spending Stephen Harper promised Wednesday could ultimately lead to strict rules about what kinds of homes — existing or new — foreign investors are allowed to own.

Harper suggested that the Tories were ready to work with the provinces to make sure that foreign, non-resident investors only buy homes that ensures the “availability and affordability of homes for Canadians.”

READ MORE: 5 things we learned from Nigel Wright’s emails in the Duffy trial

Campaign material provided by the Conservatives pointed to rules in other countries that force foreign investors to only purchase homes under construction, or to limit home ownership for foreign nationals to just the time that they live in the country.

“There are real concerns that foreign, non-resident real estate speculation is the reason some Canadian families find house prices beyond their budgets,” Harper said at an event in Vancouver, the urban skyline looming behind him.

“If such foreign non-resident buyers are artificially driving up the cost of real estate, and Canadian families are shut out of the market, that is a matter we can and should do something about.”

About 15 per cent of the condo market in Vancouver sits empty year-round by some estimates, with the owners sitting on the properties hoping to make a profit as the prices of homes rise.

The problem is that many of the estimates of the concentration of home ownership are just that, estimates, because governments haven’t historically tracked the level of foreign investment in Canadian markets, Harper said.

READ MORE: Tories lead on the economy, NDP on health care, cost of living: poll

Harper said there are serious concerns that foreign investment is making home ownership unaffordable for many Canadians.

A home is the biggest investment and asset for many Canadians, he added, which is why a re-elected Conservative government would ensure more of them can realize the “dream” of home ownership.

Those rapidly rising costs of homes in places like Vancouver have raised concerns of a housing bubble in Canada’s hot housing market.

The Bank of Canada has issued warnings about the risks of a housing correction due to overvalued real estate market in some areas, suggesting prices are overvalued between 10 and 30 per cent, but it has maintained the sector is likely headed for a soft landing.

Last month, the central bank said the robust housing markets in B.C. and Ontario — in terms of both resale activity and new construction — were a result of rising demand whipped up by “historically low” interest rates.

The bank’s latest monetary policy report also identified foreign investors among the groups fuelling the strong market in those regions.

Harper also promised to raise the amount first-time home buyers can take out of their registered retirement savings plans for a down payment — $35,000, up from the current $25,000 limit.

“Home ownership is good for Canadian families, it’s good for Canadians communities, and it’s good for the Canadian economy, which is why our government believes in helping Canadians achieve it,” he said.

More than 2.7 million Canadians have withdrawn money under the program from their retirement savings plans to help pay for their first home.

Expanding the withdrawal limit will cost the federal government an extra $30 million per year in lost taxes starting in the 2017-18 fiscal year, the Conservatives say.

Harper was scheduled to travel to Edmonton later Wednesday for a rally.

©2015The Canadian Press

Politics in print: Why candidates write their memoirs before an election – National

It’s not enough to be a politician these days – you also have to be a published author.

At least, that’s the conclusion you could draw from some of the titles released over the past year: Common Ground by Liberal leader Justin Trudeau, Who We Are by Green Party leader Elizabeth May, and the just-released Strength of Conviction by NDP leader Thomas Mulcair.

QUIZ: Which politician wrote it?

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  • Quiz: Which politician wrote it?

  • Lunch with NDP director Anne McGrath: on Tom Mulcair’s humour, Trudeau’s ‘inconsistencies,’ and Conservative scandal

    One-on-One with Justin Trudeau

All three of these books trace the personal story of their authors, from childhood to federal politics. Conservative leader Stephen Harper’s 2013 book, A Great Game, is the exception among the political oeuvre: it covers the early history of hockey in Toronto.

But party leaders are busy people and writing a book takes time, so what are they getting out of it?

The writing process

Well to start with, they might not write everything themselves. According to Jennifer Lambert, editorial director of HarperCollins Canada, which published Trudeau’s memoir, “he had a few writers that worked with him, and his political team as well. His wife was very involved. Sophie was very involved, she read a lot of drafts and contributed.”

However, she said, Trudeau was involved in every word on the page, in both the French and English editions. “Justin was constantly revising and adding and rewriting, ensuring that it really was his voice, his choice, his words.”

And, the book went through a normal back-and-forth with the editor too, so that revisions were made.

Branding the leader

Having an autobiography on the shelf serves an important political purpose, said Alex Marland, associate professor of political science at Memorial University of Newfoundland. “It’s a way to get information out that may otherwise get missed.”

It’s all about building a leader’s brand and image control, he said. “In branding you have to have a story. You have to have a narrative. So it allows you to say well, this person is a human being, this person has an interesting story, here’s their background, here’s their values and their beliefs and where they’re coming from, but they’re ultimately a human being and a person.”

Building a brand is especially important for Mulcair, according to John Crean, national managing partner for National Public Relations. “I think for Mr. Mulcair, more than perhaps the other candidates, he’s less well-known to Canadians. And part of their broader strategy I think is going to be to introduce him and create a brand for him that will appeal to a broad swath of Canadians and perhaps be seen to be informing the policy directions and motivations that he might have for Canada.”

And so, candidates write their life stories and try to look like an ordinary, relatable person. “Ordinary is exactly what they’re trying to communicate in some ways. You’re trying to suggest you’re not an elitist,” said Marland.

Harper had different goals for his book, he said. “It still fit the brand narrative about him, in that even though it wasn’t his story, it was about hockey, which connects very much into his image. It’s kind of policy wonkish and intellectual in that respect, which kind of goes along with his image. And then there’s the conservative, traditional aspect and the potential connection to Toronto, which is all things that they want to communicate.”

Harper wanted to expand his brand, said Crean, and did it in the most Canadian way possible: by writing about hockey. “So Mr. Harper, who’s well-known to Canadians, well-established, I think they’re probably trying to broaden his brand a little bit, to demonstrate that he has interests and knowledge and abilities that transcend the political sphere.”

It’s no accident that Mulcair’s book was coming out during the early days of the campaign either, said Marland. “It’s a long campaign, they’ve got to come up with, what do we talk about today? This is a good way to show him sitting there, signing books. It’s going to take a few days of news coverage where they don’t have to make spending promises, they don’t have to make policy commitments. It can be light, it keeps the story out there. It’s kind of smart.”

Who’s reading?

HarperCollins, which published both Trudeau’s and Olivia Chow’s autobiographies, doesn’t release sales figures, said Lambert. “I can say that they’re both Globe and Mail bestsellers,” she said. “I’m very, very pleased with both of their performances.”

“I think there’s a strong market of people who are curious to know what the people are really like behind the very public face,” she said, people like diehard party supporters, people who might be on the fence, and people who buy the books as gifts for friends and family.

Marland disagrees. “The ultimate audience in many ways is journalists. Even though the publisher won’t say that, the end game, the real goal, is to try to influence how the media may report on them.”

Crean also thinks that the audience is the media, as a conduit toward reaching the broader public. “Their hope is that journalists will go through the book as part of their research to try to find snippets into his personality and his life history that in a sense informs why he’s saying the things he’s saying today.”

Maybe not a page-turner

The big question though is, are the books any good?

“I flipped through a few of the books and I find many of them, I have a hard time keeping my attention on the entire book,” said Crean. “I don’t really have a strong opinion on the quality of the books per se other than I’m not one of the many thousands who are buying these books.”

Marland was more definitive: “Usually in my experience, the better books are the ones that come out when they’re done. They write reflections once they’ve left office.”

Although you can never fully trust an autobiography, he said, those written by retired politicians are more revealing and more willing to tackle controversial topics. On Mulcair, he said, “Really what adventures does he have that are so interesting? But if Mulcair was prime minister for ten years, and produced a book after that reflecting on ten years, that would be pretty interesting.”

Fentanyl fact sheet: what it is and what it does

What is fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate narcotic, primarily used for pain management. It is a pharmaceutical that is legal with a prescription, and can be used via patches, lozenges or even a nasal spray.

It is anywhere from 50 to 100 times stronger than other opioids like morphine, heroin, or oxycodone.

You can’t see it, smell it or taste it.

Non-pharmaceutical fentanyl is created with varying toxicities and is often combined with caffeine, heroin and methamphetamine.

Drug dealers may sell fentanyl as fake oxycodone. Buyers may think they’re getting oxycodone, but they’re getting another opioid drug that has fentanyl and other substances in it.

Street names

On the street, fentanyl can have nicknames like:

beansgreen applesapplesshady eightieseightiesfake oxygreenies

How is it hitting the streets?

According to RCMP, fentanyl is finding its way to the Canadian illicit drug market via two means:

Diversion of pharmaceutical fentanyl products (primarily transdermal patches) from domestic supply and distribution channelsImportation or smuggling of pharmaceutical-grade fentanyl and fentanyl analogues into Canada from abroad, notably China

Can fentanyl kill me?

Yes, as little as two milligrams of fentanyl is enough to cause overdose and death. That amount is as small as two grains of salt.

Early signs of fentanyl poisoning may include:

sleepinesstrouble breathing (it may sound like snoring)slow, shallow breathingcold, clammy skinunresponsiveness to pain or a person’s voice

Is fentanyl addictive?

Yes, fentanyl can be addictive. According to Alberta Health Services, if you use opioids a lot, you may find that you develop a tolerance and need more and more to feel the same effects. You can become mentally and physically dependent on fentanyl.

People addicted to fentanyl may have withdrawal symptoms when they quit, including:

cravingssweatingrunny nose and yawningrestless sleep or trouble sleepingweaknessnausea or vomitingstomach crampsdiarrheamuscle spasms or bone painchills or goose bumpsfeelings of irritation
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  • ‘It’s such an insidious drug’: Fentanyl warning for parents after Calgary teen’s overdose

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  • Halifax man facing charges after border agents find fentanyl in package

What if I think a friend has fentanyl poisoning?

Call 911 right away.

Start CPR right away if the person stops breathing or has no pulse.

Take any remaining pills from the person’s mouth or patches from his or her skin so the person doesn’t absorb any more fentanyl.

If you have naloxone (an antidote for opioids), give it to the person as soon as possible.

Where to get help

If you’re concerned about your own or someone else’s misuse of fentanyl, or would simply like more information on drug use, contact the Addiction & Mental Health 24 Hour Helpline at 1-866-332-2322.

You can visit the Alberta Health Services fentanyl information page here.

– With files from Yuliya Talmazan, Alberta Health Services, RCMP and the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse